Frigg vs Freyja

Frigg (Frigga) was the Norse goddess of marriage, chastity, fertility and motherhood. She was married to the chief Aesir god Odin, and together they ruled Asgard. She was seen mostly as wife and mother, and also an earth goddess.

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Freyja, ‘The Lady’, was the Norse goddess of love, war, and beauty. She had a twin brother Freyr and together they were the chief gods of the Vanir. She was a master of Seidr (magic), and is the wife of Ód. Freyja was the leader of the Valkyries, who would ride over battlefields to choose slain warriors to rest in Freyja’s hall Sessrumnir (the rest going to Odin’s hall Valhalla).

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Ériu, Goddess of Ireland

Éire / Éireann/ Éirenn / Éirinn / Erin

Ériu was a Queen and patron goddess of Ireland around the time of the Milesian invasion.  She was seen as the Goddess of Irish Sovereignty along with her sisters, Banba and Fódla.  Ériu’s name is thought mean ‘earth, soil’ or ‘plentiful’, as well as ‘fat land’ or ‘land of abundance’.

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Cailleach, the Veiled One

Scotland – Cailleach Bheur (Gentle Old Lady, Divine Hag), Cailleach Uragaig, Cailleach Beinne Bric (Old Woman of the Speckled Mountain), Cailleach Mor (Great Old Woman), Carlin, Scotia
Ireland – Cailleach Bhéirre, Cailleach Bolus, Cailleach Corca Duibhe
Isle of Man – Caillagh ny Groamagh (Gloomy Old Woman), Caillagh ny Gueshag (Old Woman of the Spells)

The Cailleach is a Celtic goddess associated with winter, storms, mountains and the landscape.  She is thought to appear in late autumn, as the earth’s bounty wanes, and decides the fate of spring to come.  She is a dark mother and harvest goddess, both a destroyer and creator of life.  It is thought she rules the dark half of the year, from Samhain to Beltane, while her counterpart, Brigid, rules the light half.  The Cailleach is often depicted having a chilling appearance, with a blue face and long silver hair.

cailleach1 228x300 Musings From the Mossy Trail

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Freyja, Goddess of Love and War

Freya, Frejya, Freyia, Frøya, Frøjya, Freia

Freyja is a Norse goddess of love, beauty, fertility, crops, war, wealth, divination and magic.  Famed for her great beauty, with blue eyes and golden hair, she has been referred to as ‘The Fair One’.  She was the symbol of sensuality and was called upon in matters of love.  Freyja was also known as The Lady (Frau), The Seer, Great Goddess, The Sage, Freyja of the Black Swordhand, Queen of the Valkyries and Mistress of the Slain.

Thalia Took Freyja

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Odin, All Father

Woden / Wodan / Wotan (Anglo-Saxon)

Odin was the chief god of Norse mythology, head of the Æsir gods.  He was also called Alfodr (All Father), Yggr (Terror), Sigfodr (Father of Victory) or Valfodr (Father of the Slain).  Odin is thought to be the same as Woden, Wodan or Wotan in Anglo-Saxon and Germanic mythology.

Odin lived with the rest of the Æsir in Asgard, one of the Nine Worlds of Norse mythology.

File:Odhin by Johannes Gehrts.jpg

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