Skadi (Skaði) is a female jötunn (giant) and goddess of winter, snow, mountains and the hunt. She is also associated with independence, wilderness and wisdom. Skadi lived in the highest reaches of the snow-covered mountains. She was described as being tall and beautiful with long black hair, silver armour, showshoes, skiis and a bow and arrow. Continue reading →
Frigg (Frigga) was the Norse goddess of marriage, chastity, fertility and motherhood. She was married to the chief Aesir god Odin, and together they ruled Asgard. She was seen mostly as wife and mother, and also an earth goddess.
Freyja, ‘The Lady’, was the Norse goddess of love, war, and beauty. She had a twin brother Freyr and together they were the chief gods of the Vanir. She was a master of Seidr (magic), and is the wife of Ód. Freyja was the leader of the Valkyries, who would ride over battlefields to choose slain warriors to rest in Freyja’s hall Sessrumnir (the rest going to Odin’s hall Valhalla).
Freyja is a Norse goddess of love, beauty, fertility, crops, war, wealth, divination and magic. Famed for her great beauty, with blue eyes and golden hair, she has been referred to as ‘The Fair One’. She was the symbol of sensuality and was called upon in matters of love. Freyja was also known as The Lady (Frau), The Seer, Great Goddess, The Sage, Freyja of the Black Swordhand, Queen of the Valkyries and Mistress of the Slain.
Odin was the chief god of Norse mythology, head of the Æsir gods. He was also called Alfodr (All Father), Yggr (Terror), Sigfodr (Father of Victory) or Valfodr (Father of the Slain). Odin is thought to be the same as Woden, Wodan or Wotan in Anglo-Saxon and Germanic mythology.
Thor is the Norse god of thunder, also associated with oak trees, strength, protection and fertility. ‘Thor’ comes from the Germanic word for ‘thunder’, thus he is associated with thunder, lightning and storms. He is often viewed as a fierce warrior with red hair, a red beard, and eyes like lightning. He is likened to the Greek hero Heracles through his strength and skill in battle, as well as the Roman god Jupiter and Teutonic god Donar.
Hel (Hella) is the Norse Goddess of the dead and underworld, ruler of the Land of Mist. Her name is thought to mean ‘hidden’, ‘to conceal’, or ‘to cover up’. To say to “go to Hel” is to die, as described in the ancient Norse manuscripts, Poetic Edda, Prose Edda, and Heimskringla.Continue reading →
I recently attempted to construct a family tree of the Celtic deities. This proved to be much harder than I initially thought! Not only do you have to deal with a multitude of sources, but you have to filter out which sources are more accurate, and what information has been lost in the sands of time.
Timeless Myths has genealogies for several pantheons; Irish, Welsh, Norse, Greek and Roman. These were constructed from various sources and are in no means complete (and in some cases, contradict each other). But I find it helpful to see the various deities displayed in this way. It allows me to see the bigger picture and to understand the context of the many stories and adventures of the Gods.